Difference between revisions of "Installing" From Online Manual

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¡La Instalación de un Foro SMF es muy simple!. Se hace solo en seis rápidos y sencillos pasos.
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Installing an SMF forum is very simple! It can be done in six quick and simple steps.  
  
No se recomienda usar un instalador automático para instalar SMF, porque se sabe que muchos de ellos tienen problemas o confunden a los usuarios a largo plazo. Instalar SMF manualmente no es difícil y te ayudará a comprender mejor cómo funciona.
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It is not recommended to use an auto-installer to install SMF, because many of them are known to have issues or confuse users in the long run. Installing SMF manually is not difficult and will help you to understand better how it works.
  
SMF es un software de foro gratuito que se puede instalar en un servidor web. Para instalarlo, necesitará un servidor web con PHP y acceso a una base de datos. Puede crear una base de datos previamente (asegúrese de anotar toda la información importante de la base de datos, como nombre, usuario y contraseña) o esperar a que el instalador lo ayude con este paso. Por favor vea [[requisitos y recomendaciones]] para más información sobre lo que necesita antes de iniciar la instalación.
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SMF is free forum software that can be installed on a webserver. To install it, you will need a webserver with PHP, and access to a database. You can create a database ahead of time (be sure to note all the important database information) or wait for the installer to help you with this step. Please see the [[requirements and recommendations]] for more information on what you need before you start an install.
  
==Crear una Base de Datos==
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==Create a Database==
  
Un foro SMF una Base de Datos para almacenar toda la inaformación sobre miembros, mensajes y temas. Puedes usar las herramientas que tiene tu alojamiento web para crear una nueva Base de Datos y un usuario de base de datos para conectarse así como usarla. Si no efectúa este paso en este punto, el instalador de SMF le ofrecerá ayuda sobre ésto más adelante.
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An SMF forum needs a database to store all the information about members, posts, and topics. You can use the tools your web host provides to create a new database and a database user for SMF to log in as and use. If you neglect this step at this point, the SMF installer will offer to help you with it later on.
  
Una vez que hayas creado tu Base de Datos, necesitarás tener a mano los siguientes datos cuando ejecutes el instalador de SMF:
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Once you have created your database, be sure to make note of the database name, database user name, and password. You will need these details when you run the installer.
  - Nombre de la Base de Datos (database name).
 
  - Usuario de la Base de Datos (database user name).
 
  - Contraseña de la Base de Datos (database password).
 
  
===Crear una Base de Datos con phpMyAdmin===
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===Creating a Database with phpMyAdmin===
  
La mayoría de los servicios de alojamiento compartido deshabilitan la opción de crear una base de datos con [[phpMyAdmin]]. Sin embargo, si tienes disponible esta opción, la base de datos se puede crear fácilmente desde la página de inicio de phpMyAdmin.
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Most shared hosting services disable the option to create a database with [[phpMyAdmin]]. However, if this option is available to you, the database can be created from the phpMyAdmin home page.
  
===Crear una Base de Datos con Control Panel===
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===Creating a Database with a Control Panel===
  
Si su servicio de alojamiento proporciona una interfaz de Panel de Control, puede usarse para crear una Base de Datos. Seleccionar las opciones "Bases de datos MySQL" (MySQL Databases) o "Asistente de base de datos" (Database Wizard) debería llevarlo a una página que le permitirá crear una Base de Datos MySQL. En diferentes alojamientos, estas opciones pueden tener diferentes nombres.
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If your hosting service provides a control panel interface, then this can be used to create a database. Selecting the "MySQL Databases" or "Database Wizard" options should take you to a page prompting you to create a MySQL database. With different hosts, these options may have different names.
  
SMF 2.1 es compatible con MySQL y PostgreSQL. SMF 2.0 es compatible con MySQL, PostgreSQL y SQLite. SMF 1.1 solo es compatible con MySQL.
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SMF 2.1 supports MySQL, and PostgreSQL. SMF 2.0 supports MySQL, PostgreSQL and SQLite. SMF 1.1 supports only MySQL.
  
===Crear un usuario de Base de Datos===
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===Creating a Database User===
  
Se puede crear un usuario de base de datos a través del panel de control proporcionado por su servicio de alojamiento. Seleccionar las opciones "Bases de datos MySQL" (MySQL Databases) o "Asistente de base de datos" (Database Wizard) debería llevarlo a una página que le permitirá crear un usuario de Base de Datos MySQL. En diferentes alojamientos, estas opciones pueden tener diferentes nombres.
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A database user can be created through the control panel provided by your hosting service. Selecting the "MySQL Databases" or "Database Wizard" options should take you to a page, prompting you to create a MySQL database user. With different hosts, these options may have different names.
  
El usuario de Base de Datos requiere los siguientes permisos: <code>SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, ALTER, DROP</code> y <code>INDEX</code>. Si se desea, pueden otorgarse permisos adicionales a éstos.
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The database user requires the following permissions: <code>SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, ALTER, DROP,</code> and <code>INDEX</code>. Additional permissions may be granted, if desired.
  
==Obtener SMF==
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==Get SMF==
  
Usando su navegador, puede descargar la última versión de SMF al escritorio de tu PC (o la carpeta que elija). Todas las descargas del software SMF se encuentran en
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Using your browser, you can download the latest version of SMF to your desktop computer. All SMF downloads can be found at [http://download.simplemachines.org SMF Downloads]. The latest recommended version will always be available at http://www.simplemachines.org/download/index.php/latest/install/.
[http://download.simplemachines.org SMF Downloads]. La última versión recomendada estará siempre disponible en el siguiente enlace http://www.simplemachines.org/download/index.php/latest/install/.
 
  
 
{{Extract and Upload|install}}
 
{{Extract and Upload|install}}
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{{Set file permissions|install}}
 
{{Set file permissions|install}}
  
==Ejecutando el Instalador==
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==Run the Installer==
  
Este es casi el último paso. Usted sabe dónde está el directorio de su foro, porque usted mismo colocó los archivos allí. Entonces, apunte su navegador al archivo ''install.php'' en el directorio donde lo extrajo/subió. Por ejemplo, si puso su foro en ''www.yourdomain.com/forum'', debería apuntar su navegador a ''www.yourdomain.com/forum/install.php''.
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This is nearly the last step. You know where your forum directory is, because you put the files there yourself. So, point your browser at the file ''install.php'' in that directory. For example, if you put your forum in ''www.yourdomain.com/forum'', you should point your browser at ''www.yourdomain.com/forum/install.php''.
  
El script de instalación le pedirá información alguna de la cual ha sido creada o recogida previamente.
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This script will ask you for information, some of which you have created and collected earlier.
  
===Configuración Básica del Foro===
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===Basic Forum Settings===
  
;Nombre del Foro
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;Forum Name
:El Nombre para el Foro que será instalado debería ir aquí. Por defecto, esta configurado como “My Community”. Esto se puede cambiar maás tarde en la sección de [[Server settings|Configuración del Servidor]] del Centro de Administgación.
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:The name for the forum being installed should go here. By default, this is set to “My Community”. This can be changed later in the [[Server settings|Server Settings]] section of the administration center.
;URL del Foro
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;Forum URL
:La URL del foro, deberá ir sin la última barra (Por ejemplo, ''http://www.yourdomain.com/forum''). El instalador de SMF probablemente ajustará esto correctamente.
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:The URL for the forum, without the trailing slash (for example, ''http://www.yourdomain.com/forum''). The SMF installer will probably guess this one correctly.
;Salida Gzip
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;Gzip Output
:Si la salida Gzip pasa el test, use esta opción para reducir el uso de ancho de banda y también hace que las páginas carguen más rápidor.
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:If Gzip output tests pass, use this to save bandwidth and make pages load faster.
;Sesiones de Base de Datos
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;Database Sessions
:Elija si desea almacenar sesiones en la Base de Datos o en archivos. Se prefieren las sesiones de Base de Datos porque son más seguras y pueden funcionar mejor en sitios con múltiples servidores.
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:Choose whether to store sessions in the database or in files. Database Sessions are preferred because they are more reliable, secure and may work better on sites with multiple servers.
;Juego de caracteres UTF-8
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;UTF-8 Character Set
:Los juegos de caracteres UTF-8 son los más completos para foros con lenguaje diferente al inglés, particularmente español, por el uso de caracteres únicos como acentos, eñes, etc.
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:UTF-8 character sets are useful for international forums, or forums that use languages other than English.
;Permitir recopilar Estadísticas
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;Allow Stat Collection
:Estra opción permite a "Simple Machines" recopilar estadísticas de su foro, anónimamente, para ayudar a los desarrolladores a entender las necesidades de la comunidad de usuarios del sistema SMF.
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:This option allows Simple Machines to collect statistics from your forum, anonymously, to help the developers understand the needs of the user community.
  
===Configuración del Servidor de Base de Datos===
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===Database server settings===
  
;Tipo de Base de Datos
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;Database type
:El tipo de Base de Datos puede ser seleccionado aquí de una lista de tipos de Bases de Datos soportadas por el servidor que se esté usando. Los tipos más nuevos (para SMF 2.0) como PostgreSQL y SQLite puede ser listado aquí si está disponible. Se recomienda MySQL y PostgreSQL.
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:The database schema can be selected here from a list of database schemas supported by the server being used. Newer schemas (for SMF 2.0) such as PostgreSQL and SQLite may be listed here if available. MySQL and PostgreSQL are recommended.
;Nombre del Servidor
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;Server name
:Aquí se especifica la localización de la Base de Datos. El 99% de las veces, será ''localhost''.
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:The location of the database is specified here. 99% of the time this will be ''localhost''.
;Nombre de Usuario
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;Username
:El Nombre de Usuario para el usuario de la Base de Datos se pondrá aquí. Es el Nombre de usuario que se configuró al crear la base de datos. Si se requiere ayuda para esto, se deberá contactar con el servicio de alojamiento.
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:The username for the database user should be placed here. If help is required for this, the hosting service provider should be contacted.
;Contraseña
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;Password
:Aquí se introducirá la contraseña para la Base de Datos. Es la contraseña que se configuró al crear la base de datos.
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:The password for the database user is entered here.  
;Nombre de la Base de Datos
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;Database name
:Aquí se pondrá el Nombre de la Base de Datos. Es el nombre de la Base de datos que Ud. creó anteriormente. De lo contrario, puede usar el nombre de la Base de Datos sugerido por el instalador para crear una nueva base de datos. Si se requiere ayuda para esto, se debe contactar al proveedor de servicios de alojamiento.
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:The name used for the database should be placed here. If you created a database in advance, enter that. Otherwise, you can use the database name suggested by the installer to create a new database. If help is required for this, the hosting service provider should be contacted.
;Prefijo de la Base de Datos
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;Database prefix
:Aquí se especifica el prefijo para todas las tablas asociadas con la presente instación de SMF. Poniendo un prefijo a las tablas se asegura que las tablas solo serán usadas por esta instalación de forma segura. El instalador sugerirá un prefijo automáticamente, pero Ud. puede personalizarlo con el que prefiera.
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:The prefix for all tables associated with this install is specified here. Prefixing tables with unique prefixes enables more than one application, or SMF install, to use the same database safely. The installer will suggest a prefix for you automatically, but you can customize it to whatever you prefer.
  
===Crear una cuenta de Administrador===
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===Creating an administrator account===
  
El instalador de SMF le pedirá información para crear la cuenta del Administrador del Foro. Esta información incluye Nombre de Usuario, Contraseña y dirección de Email para la cuenta de Administrador. Esta cuenta será necesaria para acceder al Centro de Administración, para gestionar y configurar el Foro.
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The SMF installer will ask for information to create the forum's administrator account. This information includes username, password and e-mail address for the administrator account. This account will be necessary to get access to the SMF administration center, to manage and configure the forum.
  
===Finalización del proceso de instalación===
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===Finishing the installation process===
  
Una vez que todos los pasos del proceso de instalación se han completado, marca la casilla de verificación para "eliminar los archivos de instalación del servidor". Si esto no funciona o no se marca la casilla, se deberá eliminar los archivos via FTP. Todos los archivos del instalador deben ser eliminados del servidor una vez que se complete el proceso de instalación. SMF no los necesita más y son un gran riesgo de seguridad.
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Once all steps of the installation process have been completed, check the box to remove the install files from the server. If this does not work, they will need to be deleted via FTP. All installer files should be removed from the server once the installation process is complete. SMF does not need them any longer and they are a security risk.
  
==Organización==
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==Tidy Up==
  
* Si todavía no lo ha hecho, elimine el archivo ''install.php''. Es un riesgo de seguridad dejarlo en el servidor una vez que se ha completado la instalación.
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* If you have not already done so, delete ''install.php''. It is a security risk to leave in place once the install has been completed.
* Por seguridad, omprueba los permisos de archivs y carpetas.
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* Check your file and folder permissions for safety.
** La mayoria de los permisos de carpetas se ajustan a 755, mientras que la mayoria de los archivos se ajustan a 644, aunque esto dependerá de la configuración de su servidor. En caso de duda, lo mejor es consultar con el personal del alojamiento contratado sobre cuales son los mejores ajustes CHMOD para archivos y carpetas.
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** Most directory permissions are set to 755, while most files are set to 644, although this will depend on your server configuration. If in doubt, ask your host what CHMOD settings should be used for files and directories.
** Las únicas excepciones están en el directorio raiz de tu Foro, las carpetas '''attachments''' y '''cache''', necesitan ajuastar al máximo, 777 en algunos servidores (Estos ajustes causarán errores 500 en otros servidores).
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** The only exceptions are your root forum directory, the  '''attachments''' and '''cache''' directories, which may need to be set as high as 777 on some servers (this setting will cause 500 errors on other servers).
  
 
{{Installing SMF}}
 
{{Installing SMF}}

Revision as of 04:59, 23 April 2022

Installing an SMF forum is very simple! It can be done in six quick and simple steps.

It is not recommended to use an auto-installer to install SMF, because many of them are known to have issues or confuse users in the long run. Installing SMF manually is not difficult and will help you to understand better how it works.

SMF is free forum software that can be installed on a webserver. To install it, you will need a webserver with PHP, and access to a database. You can create a database ahead of time (be sure to note all the important database information) or wait for the installer to help you with this step. Please see the requirements and recommendations for more information on what you need before you start an install.

Create a Database

An SMF forum needs a database to store all the information about members, posts, and topics. You can use the tools your web host provides to create a new database and a database user for SMF to log in as and use. If you neglect this step at this point, the SMF installer will offer to help you with it later on.

Once you have created your database, be sure to make note of the database name, database user name, and password. You will need these details when you run the installer.

Creating a Database with phpMyAdmin

Most shared hosting services disable the option to create a database with phpMyAdmin. However, if this option is available to you, the database can be created from the phpMyAdmin home page.

Creating a Database with a Control Panel

If your hosting service provides a control panel interface, then this can be used to create a database. Selecting the "MySQL Databases" or "Database Wizard" options should take you to a page prompting you to create a MySQL database. With different hosts, these options may have different names.

SMF 2.1 supports MySQL, and PostgreSQL. SMF 2.0 supports MySQL, PostgreSQL and SQLite. SMF 1.1 supports only MySQL.

Creating a Database User

A database user can be created through the control panel provided by your hosting service. Selecting the "MySQL Databases" or "Database Wizard" options should take you to a page, prompting you to create a MySQL database user. With different hosts, these options may have different names.

The database user requires the following permissions: SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, ALTER, DROP, and INDEX. Additional permissions may be granted, if desired.

Get SMF

Using your browser, you can download the latest version of SMF to your desktop computer. All SMF downloads can be found at SMF Downloads. The latest recommended version will always be available at http://www.simplemachines.org/download/index.php/latest/install/.

Extract the SMF Archive and Upload the Files to Your Website

The SMF install archive contains files that need to be copied to the correct place on your website before the installer can be executed. Wherever these files are located on the server, that is where your forum will be located. Extracting before uploading is usually the simplest method. If your host provides the necessary tools, you can try uploading before extracting.

You will need to use either FTP (in binary mode) or the tools in your hosting account's control panel (for more information on the control panel supplied by your hosting service, please see the documentation provided by your hosting service).

SMF can be uploaded to the site root, or to a directory on the site, such as www.yourdomain.com/forum.

Extracting Before Uploading

This is the way most people do it. It is easy, but can take longer.

  1. Extract the archive, usually by right-clicking the archive and selecting the "Extract All" option. When the install archive is extracted, a new folder should be created with all the files and directories in the correct places.
  2. Set your FTP client for binary transfer, select all the files and folders and copy them to the directory where you want to locate your forum.

Uploading Before Extracting

Some control panels, such as cPanel, give the ability to extract an archive right on the server. This can be a quicker than waiting for all the extracted files to copy via FTP. First, upload the file via your account's control panel. Second, select the extract option to extract the archive to the desired location -- the directory where you want your forum to be located.

Set File and Directory Permissions

File and directory permissions control who can see your files and use your directories. They can control whether you will be able to install mods to your forum. On Linux and other Unix-like servers the chmod command is used to designate permissions. On most servers, a setting of 755 for directories and 644 for files will work. If this does not work on your hosting service, you may need 777 or 775 for directories, and 666 or 664 for files. Some hosts do not allow using 777 for directories or 666 for files -- using such high values will cause Internal Server Errors, 500 erors, or other errors. If the permission on your files or directories does not make them writable, the SMF installer will report the problem -- if it can detect it.

Note: If a Windows server is being used rather than a Linux server, then you will need to contact your host to change the file/directory permissions.

Setting File Permissions with the Installer

In many cases, the SMF installer can handle this for you. If you want to give this a try, skip this step for now, and wait until you come to the appropriate point in the installer. The installer might need to ask you for FTP login details to get the job done, so be sure to make a note of them. If you run into any problems setting file permissions with the installer, you can use the instructions below for setting file permissions with FTP to handle it yourself.

Setting File Permissions with FTP

Using a control panel or FTP client, file permissions can be changed quickly and easily. Usually, FTP programs will allow permissions to be changed by right-clicking files/directories and selecting "Properties", "Attributes" or "Permissions". The desired numerical value can be entered, or if provided, check boxes can be changed.


Run the Installer

This is nearly the last step. You know where your forum directory is, because you put the files there yourself. So, point your browser at the file install.php in that directory. For example, if you put your forum in www.yourdomain.com/forum, you should point your browser at www.yourdomain.com/forum/install.php.

This script will ask you for information, some of which you have created and collected earlier.

Basic Forum Settings

Forum Name
The name for the forum being installed should go here. By default, this is set to “My Community”. This can be changed later in the Server Settings section of the administration center.
Forum URL
The URL for the forum, without the trailing slash (for example, http://www.yourdomain.com/forum). The SMF installer will probably guess this one correctly.
Gzip Output
If Gzip output tests pass, use this to save bandwidth and make pages load faster.
Database Sessions
Choose whether to store sessions in the database or in files. Database Sessions are preferred because they are more reliable, secure and may work better on sites with multiple servers.
UTF-8 Character Set
UTF-8 character sets are useful for international forums, or forums that use languages other than English.
Allow Stat Collection
This option allows Simple Machines to collect statistics from your forum, anonymously, to help the developers understand the needs of the user community.

Database server settings

Database type
The database schema can be selected here from a list of database schemas supported by the server being used. Newer schemas (for SMF 2.0) such as PostgreSQL and SQLite may be listed here if available. MySQL and PostgreSQL are recommended.
Server name
The location of the database is specified here. 99% of the time this will be localhost.
Username
The username for the database user should be placed here. If help is required for this, the hosting service provider should be contacted.
Password
The password for the database user is entered here.
Database name
The name used for the database should be placed here. If you created a database in advance, enter that. Otherwise, you can use the database name suggested by the installer to create a new database. If help is required for this, the hosting service provider should be contacted.
Database prefix
The prefix for all tables associated with this install is specified here. Prefixing tables with unique prefixes enables more than one application, or SMF install, to use the same database safely. The installer will suggest a prefix for you automatically, but you can customize it to whatever you prefer.

Creating an administrator account

The SMF installer will ask for information to create the forum's administrator account. This information includes username, password and e-mail address for the administrator account. This account will be necessary to get access to the SMF administration center, to manage and configure the forum.

Finishing the installation process

Once all steps of the installation process have been completed, check the box to remove the install files from the server. If this does not work, they will need to be deleted via FTP. All installer files should be removed from the server once the installation process is complete. SMF does not need them any longer and they are a security risk.

Tidy Up

  • If you have not already done so, delete install.php. It is a security risk to leave in place once the install has been completed.
  • Check your file and folder permissions for safety.
    • Most directory permissions are set to 755, while most files are set to 644, although this will depend on your server configuration. If in doubt, ask your host what CHMOD settings should be used for files and directories.
    • The only exceptions are your root forum directory, the attachments and cache directories, which may need to be set as high as 777 on some servers (this setting will cause 500 errors on other servers).